Child hit by car after leaving ice cream truck; ice cream seller said negligent. $21.1 million verdict. Fresno County.


Ice cream truck vendor said contributorily negligent for girl's catastrophic injury; $1 million policy is opened up.

The Case

  • Case Name: Moua v. Vardayan, Akers
  • Court and Case Number: Superior Court of Fresno County / 02 CE CG 03621
  • Date of Verdict or Judgment: Tuesday, January 09, 2007
  • Date Action was Filed: Friday, October 11, 2002
  • Type of Action: Insurance – Bad Faith, Claims Handling, Vehicles - vs. Pedestrian
  • Judge or Arbitrator(s): Hon. Alan Simpson
  • Plaintiffs:
    Sandy Moua
  • Defendants:
    Karen Vardanyan
    Erik Akers
  • Type of Result: Arbitration Award

The Result

  • Gross Verdict or Award: $23,295,000
  • Net Verdict or Award: $21,120,000
  • Contributory/Comparative Negligence: Mr. Vardanyan: 85%, Mr. Akers: 5%, Minor Sandy Moua: 10%
  • Economic Damages:

    Past medical costs: $195,000

    Future medical costs: $6,700,000

    Future lost earnings capability: $1,900,000

  • Non-Economic Damages:

    Past pain and suffering: $4,000,000

    Future pain and suffering: $10,500,000

  • Post Trial Motions & Post-Verdict Settlements: Judge Alan Simpson entered judgment in accordance with the award.

The Attorneys

  • Attorney for the Plaintiff:

    Law Office of Otto Haselhoff, PC by Otto L. Haselhoff, Santa Monica.

  • Attorney for the Defendant:

    Wilkins Drolshagen & Czeshinski LLP by Michael Czeshinski, Fresno.

The Experts

  • Plaintiff’s Medical Expert(s):

    Alan M. Birnbaum, M.D.

    Kevan Z. Craig, D.O.

    Matthew Halsey, M.D.

    Rick A. Sarkisian, Ph.D.

    Tracy Albee, R.N.

  • Plaintiff's Technical Expert(s):

    Alex J. Balian, retail safety, West Hills.

    George Y. Blair, accident investigation, Fresno.

    Robert W. Johnson, M.B.A., economics, Los Altos.

Facts and Background

  • Facts and Background:

    On July 26, 2002, plaintiff Sandy Moua, age 6, purchased merchandise from Karen Vardanyan's ice cream truck in Clovis. After Sandy got her ice cream, she ran across the street to return to her home, but she was struck by a van driven by Erik Akers, a minor who had permission to drive the vehicle from his parents, Daniel and Mary Akers.

    Upon impact, Sandy flew through the air and struck the ground. Claiming physical damages, Moua, through her guardian ad litem and father Leng Moua, sued the three Akers and Vardanyan for negligence. (Before trial, the Akers defendants settled out for $50,000, the limit of their insurance policy.)

  • Plaintiff's Contentions:

    That defendant Vardanyan was negligent in her sale of ice cream products from her truck. That Vardanyan negligently parked the ice cream truck in an unsafe location, negligently failed to display proper signage warning motorists of children, and negligently constructed and/or modified the ice cream truck.

  • Defendant's Contentions:

    Vardanyan disputed the allegations, contending that Sandy darted out across the street without looking and was therefore at fault for the accident. Defense  also argued that Sandy's parents were comparatively liable for failing to watch her and failing to train her to look out before crossing the street. Vardanyan and Akers each blamed each other and filed counter claims against Sandy's parents for implied indemnity and comparative fault.

Injuries and Other Damages

  • Physical Injuries claimed by Plaintiff:

    Sandy sustained a massive brain injury with partial paralysis. At first, she was bed-ridden. Then, she was confined to a wheelchair for mobility. By trial, she could walk for short periods of time with great difficulty, and she still relied on her wheelchair. Moua also had reduced motor skills which made communicating and studying very difficult for her.

Special Damages

  • Special Damages Claimed - Past Medical: $195,000
  • Special Damages Claimed - Future Medical: $6,700,000
  • Special Damages Claimed - Future Lost Earnings: $1,900,000

Additional Notes

Award Details: The parties stipulated to binding arbitration. Arbitrator James R. Gillen apportioned liability as follows: Sandy, 10%; Akers, 5%; and Vardanyan, 85%. Gillen then awarded $23,295,000, reduced to $21,120,000 after apportionment of liability. After the lawsuit was filed, Vardanyan filed for bankruptcy, which imposed an automatic stay of the action. Plaintiff's counsel then moved to lift the stay and allow the case to continue as long as Sandy limited her recovery to the proceeds of Vardanyan's insurance plus any funds recovered due to an assignment of Vardanyan's bad-faith rights against the carrier, which refused to tender its $1 million limit.


This is not an official court document. While the publisher believes the information to be accurate, the publisher does not guarantee it and the reader is advised not to rely upon it without consulting the official court documents or the attorneys of record in this matter who are listed above.

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